The targeting of diseases remains an important development concept, especially for new and emerging health challenges. However, for long-term results, disease targeting should be applied taking into account the dramatic rise of global health approach as a core component of global development and health financing. The rise of the global approach rests on evidence demonstrating that poor health status is both a cause and an effect of poverty, and that great health gains can be achieved with relatively low-cost interventions. This chapter looks at the history and practice of disease targeting tracing notable examples such as: smallpox, polio, and HIV/AIDS in order to draw out the lessons and find the nexus between global health and disease targeting. Targeted approaches require strong and functioning health systems to “walk that last mile” toward lasting impact.
— Suggested Readings
The College of Physicans of Philadelphia (2012). “History of Polio.”
Esparza, José. (2012). “A Tale of Two Vaccines: Polio and HIV” [Weblog entry], Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Impatient Optimists, October 19, 2012.
Lengeler, Christian, Jacqueline Cattani, and Don De Savigny. (1996). Net gain a new method for preventing malaria deaths. Ottawa: International Development Research Centre.
Lengeler, Christian, Jacqueline Cattani, and Don De Savigny. (1997). Un mur contre la malaria du nouveau dans la prévention des décès dus au paludisme. Ottawa : Centre de recherches pour le développement international.
Drope, Jeffrey. (2011). Tobacco control in Africa people, politics, and policies. London: Anthem Press.
Drope, Jeffrey M. 2011. La lutte contre le tabagisme en Afrique peuples, politique et politiques. Québec : Presses de l'Université Laval.
Okorafor, Okore Apia. (2010). Primary health care spending: striving for equity under fiscal federalism. University of Cape Town Press.
Teixeira, Maria Glória, Boischio, Ana, and da Conceição N. Costa, Maria. (2009). Ecosystem approaches to controlling of vector-borne diseases: dengue and Chagas disease; editorial. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, BR.