The global aid architecture is undergoing significant changes. These changes are the results of shifts in the world economy, which give rise to contestation over ideas, norms, rules, best practices, and lessons learned about development cooperation between the traditional donors and the BRICS rising states (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa). There is a misalignment of representation in the main consultative forums that leads to imbalance of power in the global order with consequences. Three aspects need attention: the modification of existing consultative platforms; the creation of new consultative forums; and the paralysis and decay of the established multilateral consultative forums. This messy multilateralism means a more negotiated order, where the respective consultative forums will continue to struggle for influence, each with its own strengths and weaknesses, and where the efficient delivery of global public goods will be impaired by overlapping mandates and systemic gaps.
— Suggested Readings
Chin, Gregory and Fahimul Quadir (eds.) (2012). “Special Issue: Rising States, Rising Donors: BRICS and Beyond,” Cambridge Review of International Affairs, 25(4) (December 2012).
Cooper, Andrew and Jorge Heine (eds.) (2009). Which Way Latin America? Tokyo: United Nations University Press.
Heap, Peter C. (2008). Globalization and summit reform an experiment in international governance. New York: Springer.
Heap, Peter C. and Anne-Hélène Kerbiriou. (2008). Mondialisation et réforme des sommets internationaux le L-20, un projet de gouvernance internationale. Québec: Presses de l'Université Laval.
Walz, Julie and Vijaya Ramachandran (2011). Brave New World: A Literature Review of Emerging Donors and the Changing Nature of Foreign Assistance (CGD Working Paper No. 273). Washington, DC: Center for Global Development (CGD).
Woods, Ngaire (2008). “Whose Aid? Whose Influence? China, Emerging Donors and the Silent Revolution in Development Assistance,” International Affairs, 84(6): 1–17. [PDF 150KB]