In the past, development scholars and economists neglected entrepreneurship. Increasingly, there is the recognition that “entrepreneurship is no longer a problem,” or a “relevant constraint on the pace of development” in poorer countries. Why does this matter? First, it is widely believed that entrepreneurship is beneficial for economic growth and development. Second, entrepreneurship has been remarkably resurgent over the past three decades in countries that have achieved substantial poverty reduction, such as China. Third, donors and international development agencies have turned to entrepreneurship to improve the effectiveness and sustainability of aid. The thinking on the intersection of development studies and entrepreneurship incorporates fresh insights for policy emerging from recent advances in this area.
— Suggested Readings
Baumol, William. J. (1990). “Entrepreneurship: Productive, Unproductive and Destructive,” Journal of Political Economy, 98(5): 893–921. [PDF 130KB]
Chen, Martha Alter, Joann Vanek, and Marilyn Carr. (2004). Mainstreaming informal employment and gender in poverty reduction a handbook for policy-makers and other stakeholders. London: Commonwealth Secretariat and International Development Research Centre. (Résumé en français disponible ici)
Gries, Thomas and Wim A. Naudé (2011). “Entrepreneurship and Human Development: A Capability Approach,” Journal of Public Economics, 95(3): 216–24. [PDF 230KB]
Hattab, Hala. (2012). Towards understanding women entrepreneurship in MENA countries: A cross country comparison of female entrepreneurship. Faculty of Business Administration, The British University in Egypt, Cairo, EG.
IDRC and OECD. (2013). New Entrepreneurs and High Performance Enterprises in the Middle East and North Africa. Ottawa: OECD. (Résumé en français disponible ici)
Minniti, Maria and Wim A. Naudé (2010). “What Do We Know About the Patterns and Determinants of Female Entrepreneurship Across Countries?”, European Journal of Development Research, 22(3): 277–93.
Naudé, Wim A. (2011). “Entrepreneurship is Not a Binding Constraint on Growth and Development in the Poorest Countries,” World Development, 39(1): 33–44.
Naudé, Wim. A. (2010). “Entrepreneurship, Developing Countries and Development Economics: New Approaches and Insights,” Small Business Economics Journal, 34(1): 1–12. [PDF 200KB]