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INFOGRAPHIC: Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa, 1960-2010.
Since the start of the Post-Independence era, Sub-Saharan Africa has seen dramatic changes in economic development without the corresponding reduction in poverty and inequality, though recent years have seen the beginning of sustained economic growth. Only recently did agriculture production begin to perceptibly decline—an indicator of structural transformation. Data source: World Bank, World Development Indicators (2011). (French version)

— Abstract

Sub-Saharan Africa’s development experience over the past six decades has been varied, cyclical, sporadic, and until recently it has lagged behind the rest of the world. Since the beginning of the twenty first century, the region has become one of the fastest growing in the world, but structural transformation remains elusive as the growth is propelled principally by primary exports—fossil fuel, minerals, and unprocessed agricultural and forest products. Meanwhile, the private sector is emerging as an innovative force for change; foreign investment, though concentrated in extractive industries, is rising; and democracy is gradually taking firm root despite challenges of rising poverty, climate change, and poor infrastructure. Africa’s development breakthrough necessitates of committed African leadership, strong economic growth, improved human development, more accountable governance, and avoidance of the “one-size-fits-all” syndrome that characterized past relationships with development partners.

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— Suggested Readings

Africa Progress Panel (2012). Africa Progress Report 2012: Jobs, Justice and Equity: Seizing Opportunities in Times of Global Change. New York and Geneva: United Nations.

Ayuk, Elias, and Mohamed Ali Marouani. 2007. Policy paradox in Africa strengthening links between economic research and policymaking. Trenton, N.J.: Africa World Press. (Résumé en français disponible ici)

Jerven, Morten. (2011). “The Quest for the African Dummy: Explaining African Post-Colonial Economic Performance Revisited,” Journal of International Development, 23(2): 288–307.

Leke, Acha, Susan Lund, Charles Roxburgh, and Arend van Wamelen. (2011). What’s Driving Africa’s Growth. Washington, DC: McKinsey Global Institute.

Ndiaye, A, Codesria, and International Development Research Centre. (2009). African researchers and decision-makers: Building synergy for development. Dakar, Senegal: Council for the Development of Social Sciences Research in Africa.

Ndiaye, Abdoulaye. (2009). Chercheurs et décideurs d'Afrique quelles synergies pour le développement? Dakar, Senegal: CODESRIA.

Ndulu, Benno J., Stephen A. O’Connell, Robert H. Bates, Paul Collier, and Charles C. Soludo (eds.). (2008). The Political Economy of Economic Growth in Africa, 1960–2000. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [PDF 3.5MB]

van Donge, Jan Kees, David Henley, and Peter Lewis, (2012). “Tracking Development in South-East Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa: The Primacy of Policy,” Development Policy Review, 30(s1) (Feb 2012): s5–s24.