Climate adaptation tends to be conceived narrowly as a question of technology and biophysical change, yet social and political dimensions provide a deeper understanding on how societies respond to climate change. The uneven distribution of climate impacts across the developing world call for a new form of governance in which vulnerable communities are at the centre of the development they seek to affect. Three key insights emerge from such a perspective. First, adaptation entails re-engineering of institutions and organizations to better enable local level experimentation. Second, governance shapes the opportunities for adaptation in practice, facilitating communication and coordination between local and national-level action. Third, reversing climate change is essentially about empowering vulnerable communities. Taking adaptation seriously means paying more attention to local efforts; it is not something that can be done for people, but rather a set of actions that they do for themselves.
— Suggested Readings
Cash, David W. Cash, W. Neil Adger, Fikret Berkes, Po Garden, Louis Lebel, Per Olsson, Lowell Pritchard and Oran Young. (2006). “Scale and Cross-Scale Dynamics: Governance and Information in a Multilevel World”, Ecology & Society, 11(2).
Folke, Carl, Stephen R. Carpenter, Brian Walker, Marten Scheffer, Terry Chapin and Johan Rockström. (2010). “Resilience thinking: integrating resilience, adaptability and transformability”, Ecology and Society, 15(4): 20.
Fraga, Julia, Guillermo J. Villalobos, Sabrina Doyon, and Ana García. (2009). Descentralización y manejo ambiental gobernanza costera en México. Ottawa: International Development Research Centre. (Résumé en français disponible ici)
Huq, Saleemul, Ian Noble, Yury Anokhin et al. (2014). “Adaptation needs and options” in Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
International Institute for Sustainable Development, Energy and Resources Institute, and International Development Research Centre (Canada). (2006). Designing policies in a world of uncertainty, change and surprise adaptive policy-making for agriculture and water resources in the face of climate change: phase 1 research report. Winnipeg, Man: International Institute for Sustainable Development.
Linxiu Zhang, Renfu Luo, Hongmai Yi, Tyler, Stephen, and Chinese Academy of Science, Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy (CCAP). (2010). Climate adaptation in Asia : knowledge gaps and research issues in China; the full report of the China team. Institute for Social and Environmental Transition (ISET), Kathmandu, NP.
Tippmann, Robert, Agoumi, Ali, Perroy, Louis, Doria, Marianna, Henders, Sabine, and Goldmann, Rokia. (2013). Assessing barriers and solutions to financing adaptation projects in Africa: report. IDRC, Ottawa, ON, CA. [PDF 1.3MB]
Swanson, Darren, and Suruchi Bhadwal. 2009. Creating adaptive policies a guide for policymaking in an uncertain world. Los Angeles: SAGE. (Résumé en français disponible ici)