To visually illustrate some of the tables and graphs in the book, Development Ideas produced a series of infographics. We thought we would collect them here so they can be easily viewed.

Click each image to see it larger.

Chapter_05(S)-01

Human Awareness about Poverty (found in Chapter 5: Poverty in Development Thought)
Occurrences of the word “poverty” in books, reports and other publications. Based on a word-search of over 5 million items published between 1700 and 2008. (Data source: Google Books Ngram Viewer). (French version)

Chapter_22_2(S)-01

Global distribution and types of violence (found in Chapter 22: Violence, Insecurity, and Crime)
The map charts the distribution of death rates (per 100,000) from armed violence around the world. It is important to note that violence and insecurity are often as great or greater in non-conflict or non-war settings: only six of the fourteen most violent countries were active conflict zones between 2004–09 (Iraq, Colombia, Sri Lanka, Central African Republic, Sudan, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo). Most analyses of conflict, crime and violence tend to rely on two distinctions: organisation (whether they are interpersonal or collective actions); and, motivation (political, economic  or psychological). Research in this field, however, requires an integrated approach to be able to demonstrate the negative impact different forms of insecurity might have on development, and under what conditions. (Data source: Geneva Declaration Secretariat, Global Burden of Armed Violence 2011: Lethal Encounters). (French version)

Chapter_30(S)-01

The main determinants of health (from Chapter 30: Global Health)
Health is not just determined by ‘disease’ but, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), a complete state of physical, mental and spiritual well-being. In recent years, the predominant view—that individuals are the primary agents of their health—is being challenged to encompass the more (realistic) ‘rainbow’ model of the social determinants of health that include societal changes governing circumstances and behaviour. (Adapted from, Dahlgren, G., and M. Whitehead (2007). Policies and strategies to Promote Social Equity in Health:Background document to WHO – Strategy paper for Europe. Stockholm Institute for Future Studies; 2007:14.). (French version).

Chapter_35(S)-01

Funding mechanisms to boost innovation for development (from Chapter 35: Innovation for Development)
This diagram outlines the “Grand Challenge” approach to funding innovation solutions. First, ideas and infrastructure articulate concepts, funding and core scientific needs, resulting in a proof-of-concept or new or modified ideas. Second, products and services that harness different funding mechanisms to convert ideas into social, business or scientific products ready for market. Lastly, outcomes and impacts focused on scaling up, ideally through entrepreneurial spirit, for greatest transformative effect (adapted from Brook et al. (2014) “Innovation for Development,” in International Development: Ideas, Experience, and Prospects, Oxford University Press). (French version).

CHAPTER_41(S)-01

Trends in actual and potential per capita GDP, 1960–2010 (found in Chapter 41: South Africa)
South Africa’s economic growth since the 1960s is framed by pre-apartheid and post-apartheid eras of growth and development approach. The graph shows a clear period of economic and social stagnation during apartheid. The post-apartheid era has been defined by integrating previously disadvantaged groups within the formal economy, and reintegration of the country within the world economy (Data source: African Development Bank statistical data portal and Ncube et al. [2012] South Africa’s Quest for inclusive development Tunis: African Development Bank). (French version).

Chapter_42(S)-01

The Indian Economy, 1900-2010 (found in Chapter 42: India)
The growth of the Indian economy over the past 60 years show dramatic social shifts in life expectancy, infant mortality, literacy rate, human employment from agricultural to industrial sectors. (Data source: RBI, Handbook of Statistics on Indian Economy; Census of India; Planning Commission; Economic Survey). (French version).

Chapter_43(S)-01

Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa, 1960-2010 (found in Chapter 43: Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa)
Since the start of the Post-Independence era, Sub-Saharan Africa has seen dramatic changes in economic development without the corresponding reduction in poverty and inequality, though recent years have seen the beginning of sustained economic growth. Only recently did agriculture production begin to perceptibly decline—an indicator of structural transformation. Data source: World Bank, World Development Indicators(2011). (French version).

Chapter_44(S)-01

Governance indicators in oil-rich and oil-poor Arab countries (found in Chapter 44: The Arab Region: Oil and Politics)
Despite the potential for economic growth attached to oil, oil-poor Arab countries performed better than oil-rich Arab countries in terms of per capita growth rates. Both, however, suffered negative and even declining governance outcomes, which the authors attribute to exclusive political systems and the domination of authoritarian regimes. Data source: Galal & Hoda (2014). “Economic development in the Arab region: a tale of oil and politics” in International development: Ideas, experience, and prospects. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (French version).

Chapter_47(S)-01

Who funds development? Flows from OECD to developing countries 1990–2010 (from Chapter 47: Foundations and Private Actors)
The exponential growth of private investments and remittance flows since 1990 have changed the priorities, impact and influence in the development aid landscape once dominated by Official Development Assistance.Data source: Adelman and Spantchak (2014). “Foundations and private actors” in International development: Ideas, experience, and prospects. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (French version).

Chapter_50(S)-01

Key events in development assistance (from Chapter 50: Development Assistance)
A historical graphic representation of key milestones (conferences, declarations, agreements) set against evolving priorities and approaches behind development assistance work since World War II. Data source: Kharas, Homi. 2014. “Development assistance.” In International development: Ideas, experience, and prospects. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (French version).

CHAPTER_52(S)-01

Regional share of employed poor in the developing world, 2011-2011 (from Chapter 52: The United Nations’ Contributions to Development)
The first of the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is to eradicate extreme hunger and poverty. In the past decade, though the proportion of people in developing countries living below $1.25 per day has reduced by almost half, over 60% of workers in the developing world still live on less than $4 a day. If you remove East Asia from the figures, it becomes clear that it accounts for a high share of improved incomes; in fact, in absolute numbers, the number of working poor in developing countries outside of Asia actually increased by 90 million. Data source: International Labour Organization (ILO) 2013. (French version). (French version).

 

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